|The Turkish Invasion
|1000 AD 1206 AD
|Rajputanas like Gahrwals, Paramaras and Chauhans became powerful.
Mahmud of Ghazni raids North India. Somnath temple plundered 17 times by
Ghazni. Muhammad Ghuri conquers Sindh. Prithviraj Chauhan with the help
of other Rajputs defeats Ghuri in the first battle of Tarain. In second
battle of Tarain Prithviraj loses to Ghuri. Delhi Sultanate came into
|The Slave Dynasty
|1206 AD 1290 AD
|Ghuri leaves his Indian possessions in the care of his former slave
Aibak. Ghuri Dies. Aibak breaks links with Ghazni and establishes Slave
Dynasty. Iltutmish succeeds Aibak. Qutub minar is built. Delhi becomes
new capital of India. Ghinghiz Khan sweeps through north. Raziya becomes
first lady sultan of India. Balban comes to power. Balban dies.
|1290 AD 1320 AD
|Jalaluddin Khilji takes over Delhi Sultanate. Alauddin Khilji
murders Jalaluddin and takes power. Malik Kafur led the campaign to
south India. Most of south India falls under Khilji rule. Ghiyasuddin
Tughlaq revolts against Khiljis and comes to power.
|1320 AD 1412 AD
|Tughlaqs extend their territories. Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq comes to
power. Muhammad faces lots of problems because of his plans. Firoz Shah
comes to power. Timur mercilessly sacks and plunders Delhi.
|The Sayyids and Lodhi Sultans
|1414 AD 1526 AD
|Timurs nominee Sayyids rules Delhi. Lodhis take over power.
Sikandar Lodhi moves capital from Delhi to Agra. The power of Lodhi
decreases and gives rise to various kingdoms. Nanak founds Sikhism.
|The Vijayanagara Empire
|1336 AD 1565 AD
|Harihara and Bukka establish Vijayanagara Empire on the banks of
Tungabhadra. Fight numerous wars with Bahamani kings. Krishna Deva Raya
establishes Tuluva Dynasty. Golden era of South India begins. Bahmani
comes together and in the fight for Rakshasa-Tangdi defeats Rama Raja.
|The Bahamani Kingdom
|1346 AD 1689 AD
|Hasan Gangu founds Bahamani Kingdom. Fights numerous wars with
Vijayanagara. Bahamani kingdom breaks into five kingdoms. Defeat of
Vijayanagara. Gol gumbaz, Charminar are built. Fights battle with
Shivaji. Falls to Mughal power under Aurangzeb.
|The Mughal Dynasty I
|1526 AD 1556 AD
|Babar defeats Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipath. Second
classical age of north India begins. Humayun comes to power. Sher Shah
|The Mughal Dynasty II
|1556 AD 1627 AD
|In the second battle of Panipath Akbar defeats Hemu and takes Delhi
back. Akbar extends his kingdom. Salim succeeds Akbar. East India
company comes to India. Nur Jahan rules Delhi under Salim's guidance.
|The Mughal Dynasty III
|1627 AD 1857 AD
|Shah Jahan succeeds Salim. Taj Mahal and Red Fort were built.
Aurangzeb kills his brothers and imprisons Shah Jahan and comes to
power. Mughal power reaches its zenith. Emergence of Marathas. Mughal
power weakens. British imprison Bhahdur Shah Zafar.
|The Great Marathas
|1674 AD 1819 AD
|Shivaji takes the advantage of weakening power of Bahamanis and
establishes Hindavi Swaraj. Shivaji escapes from Mughals and becomes
Chattrapati. Aurangzeb executes Sambhaji and takes Sahu as prisoner.
Tarabai comes to power. Marathas join under new leadership of Peshwas.
Maratha kingdom weakens and loses power to British East India Company.